Saltwater Fly Fishing Series
"Chinook Salmon Fly Fishing"
with Barry M. Thornton
There is no question that the chinook salmon is the king of Pacific
northwest coast saltwater fly fishing. Now that fly fishers have been
successful targeting, hooking and boating (beaching) coho
and pink salmon
they are talking about the ‘how to' for chinook
fly fishing. Recognition of the chinook salmon is unique in the angling
world. Rather than a name associated with shape or color such as 'humpy'
for male pink salmon, a reference to the physical dorsal hump, or, ‘red'
for sockeye salmon, a reference to their spawning color, chinook salmon
have names for their size. A small chinook is called a ‘Jack' while
a chinook over twelve pounds is called a ‘smiley'; the there is that
trophy a chinook over 30 pounds which is called a ‘tyee'.
I have many memories of hooking chinooks on the fly but, except for
the rare situation, all my experiences have been incidental and have
occurred while I have been targeting open ocean feeder coho. Unlike
the flashy coho salmon, chinook salmon are deep water salmon. Their
regular feeding habits place them at depths which are virtually impossible
for the fly angler to reach most of the time. But, there are times,
key periods when they will feed near the surface where they can be successfully
hooked on a regular basis.
have many memories of hooking chinooks on the fly but, except for the
rare situation, all my experiences have been incidental and have occurred
while I have been targeting open ocean feeder coho. Unlike the flashy
coho salmon, chinook salmon are deep water salmon. Their regular feeding
habits place them at depths which are virtually impossible for the fly
angler to reach most of the time. But, there are times, key periods
when they will feed near the surface where they can be successfully
hooked on a regular basis.
Location is the key to their surface feeding activity! Young schooling
baitfish concentrate in sites where they are able to find safety, usually
kelp beds and shallow shoals. These locations tend to be at the southern
tips of coastal islands or along coastal ledges. Here the baitfish hold,
often coming to the surface and feeding during certain tidal periods.
These are usually know fishing holes and are often easily located by
concentrations of sports boats. For the fly fisher these locations offer
many opportunities for anchoring in shallow zones to intercept chinook
movement in the area.
experiences have taught me that there is no preferred time but there
does appear to be one predictable salmon feeding time during each day's
lowest tide. I have found that the baitfish will concentrate near beach
rocks, kelp beds or shallow shoals as the tide ebbs. Chinook feeding
seems to persist through the ebb tide to slack and then only for a short
period into the flood. It should also be remembered that single chinook
will feed at all tide change periods. Also, early morning and late evening
are acknowledged chinook feeding times.
Chinook salmon are deep water fish. They are not surface fighters and
usually sound, diving as deep as they can when they have been hooked.
But, there are exceptions and it is to these shallow water fish that
the flyline casting salmon fly fisherman should target. It should be
noted that deep water can sometimes be reached with what I would call
unconventional fly fishing, the throwing of monofilament lines with
attached weights. However, I have never enjoyed stripping monofilament
line through my fingers on the fly retrieve. It is likely that this
unconventional method will provide some improvements which will help
the conventional fly fishing flyline caster.
to the depths most chinook feed I find a weighted fly along with weighted
shooting head fly lines in the #10 and #11 weight give me the opportunity
to sink my tackle quickly before the tidal current bellies my line.
My rod preference is in the 8 weight class and the 10 foot length for
all Pacific salmon. I make a point to fight all salmon from the reel
and load at least 200 yards of backing on all my reels.
Tide movement can best be likened to river currents and requires river
fishing skills of mending and flotsam evasion for the fly fisher to
get his fly down to the salmon. But, unlike steelhead river fishing
where the dead drift is the principal fly presentation, with chinook
salmon fly fishing, the take usually only occurs during the strip retrieve.
The take of these heavy fish is memorable! On your slow strip retrieve,
and I emphasize slow for I have found that any other retrieve rarely
takes a fish, your line will simply halt as if you have struck a solid
snag. Be prepared, clear the line at your feet, brace yourself, then
be ready for a long long run!
I have always been surprised at the lengthy moments of time these fish
will give me when I first strike them. It seems that there is that eternal
pause, that utter stillness and quiet, time to clear my thoughts and
prepare for what I know will be a lengthy struggle from a most exciting
and challenging opponent.
Following is the one fly pattern that I have found most effective for
chinook fly fishing. It can best be described as a concept fly, one
of those basic patterns that has many options. On the wall of my study
I have a fly case which has 28 different Silver Thorn versions, all
having hooked salmon in the saltwater. Like all my salmon patterns the
Silver Thorn is based upon sleek silver simplicity - an imitation of
baitfish targeted by Pacific salmon.
Silver Thorn pattern
- Mustad O'Shaughnessy #34011 or #34007
- Stainless steel; sizes 6 through 5/0;
- standard size is #34007 = #1/0 : #34011 = #2
- silver; thick head cement covering to inhibit rusting body:
- silver metallic chenille. tail and/or streamer wing:
- These add color, length & extra body to the pattern. However, remember
that 'silver simplicity' is the key! Use silver, pearl and pink Krystal
Flash; peacock herl; silver mylar tinsel;
- natural polar bear hair; pink, green and blue Fishair or dyed polar
bear hair. variations:
- Using the basic pattern listed above, I have tried numerous variations
to the basic pattern. All those recommended below have taken both
coho and chinook.
- silver optics using bead chain with and without white painted eyes;
peacock herl head;
- small red throat;
- lead eyes, with white paint. A separate fly box of weighted flies
is necessary under most conditions to help counter the effects of
currents and take the fly down to the magic 20 to 40 foot salmon depth.
Â© Copyright Barry M. Thornton
Barry M. Thornton